Inadvertent and intentional law breaking (Num 15:22-15:31)

“But if you unintentionally fail to observe all these commandments that Yahweh has spoken to Moses, that is everything that Yahweh has commanded you by Moses from the day that Yahweh gave commandments and thereafter, throughout your generations, if it was done unintentionally without the knowledge of the congregation, the whole congregation shall offer one young bull for a burnt offering.  This will be a pleasing odor to Yahweh with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering.  The priest shall make atonement for all the congregation of the Israelites.  They shall be forgiven.  It was unintentional.  They have brought their offering, an offering by fire to Yahweh.  They have brought their sin offering before Yahweh for their error.   All the congregation of the Israelites shall be forgiven, as well as the alien residing among them, because the whole people were involved in the error.”

Much like in Leviticus, chapter 4, there are sacrifices that have to be made for inadvertent behavior.  The whole congregation shall offer one young bull for a burnt offering with a grain and drink offering.  They will offer one male goat for a sin offering.  They and anybody involved with it shall be forgiven because it was unintentional and they brought the correct offering.  Once again, there is one law for both aliens and Israelites.

“An individual who sins unintentionally, he shall present a female goat a year old for a sin offering.   The priest shall make atonement before Yahweh for the one who commits an error, when it is unintentional, to make atonement for the person, and he shall be forgiven.  For both the native among the Israelites and the alien residing among them, you shall have the same law for anyone who acts in error.  But whoever acts high-handedly, whether a native or an alien, and affronts Yahweh, that person shall be cut off from among the people.  Because of having despised the word of Yahweh and broken his commandment, such a person shall be utterly cut off and bear the guilt.”  

If one person sins unintentionally, he has to make a sin offering.  However, anyone who acts high-handedly, or intentionally, offends Yahweh and shall be cut off from among his people.  When you have despised the word of Yahweh and broken his commandment, you will be cut off from your people and bear the guilt.  If you sin deliberately, there is no hope, no atonement.

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