Worship regulations (Num 15:1-15:16)

“Yahweh spoke to Moses.  ‘Speak to the Israelites and say to them.  When you come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving you,  and you make an offering by fire to Yahweh from the herd or from the flock, whether a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering or at your appointed festivals it must make a pleasing odor for Yahweh.  Whoever presents such an offering to Yahweh shall present also a grain offering of one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour, mixed with one-fourth of a hin of oil.  Moreover, you shall offer one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering with the burnt offering or the sacrifice, for each lamb.   For a ram, you shall offer a grain offering of two-tenths of an ephah of choice flour mixed with one-third of a hin of oil.   As a the drink offering you shall offer one-third of a hin of wine, a pleasing odor to Yahweh   When you offer a bull as a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow, or as offering of well-being to Yahweh.  Then you shall offer with the bull a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of choice flour, mixed with half a hin of oil.  You shall offer as a drink offering half a hin of wine, as an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to Yahweh.”

This is a return to the priestly tradition about worship regulations, especially about additions to the various offerings.  This reads like a cooking book for the various sacrifices.  Once again, Yahweh was speaking to Moses about what they were to do when they came into the land that they were to inhabit.  This is not about what they are to do in the desert.  Any offering of any kind had to have a pleasing odor for Yahweh.  Once again, emphasizing the nostrils of Yahweh.  Therefore, a grain offering needed a 1/10th of a bushel of choice flour, mixed with 4 liters of oil.  There was 4 liters of wine for the drink offering with the lamb.   With the ram, you need 2/10th of a bushel of choice flour mixed with 6 liters of oil.  For the drink offering you needed 6 liters of wine. When you prepare a bull for a burnt offering, you needed 3/10th of a bushel of choice flour, mixed with 8 liters of oil.   The drink offering with that would be 8 liters of wine.  Obviously, they could not have wine offerings in the wilderness.

“Thus it shall be done for each ox or ram, or for each of the male lambs or the kids.  According to the number that you prepare, so you shall do with each and every one.   Every native Israelite shall do these things in this way, in presenting an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to Yahweh.   An alien who lives with you, or who takes permanent residence among you, and wishes to offer an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to Yahweh, shall do as you do.  As for the assembly, there shall be for both you and the resident alien a single statute, a perpetual statute throughout your generations.  You and the alien shall be alike before Yahweh.  You and the alien who resides with you shall have the same law and the same ordinance.”

Now if a stranger is with you and wishes to make an offering that would be pleasing to Yahweh he shall do as you do.  Any resident permanent or not shall follow the same statutes.   Both the native Israelite and the alien shall be alike before Yahweh.  You both have the same law and the same ordinances.  This is the same as in Exodus, chapter 12.  The stranger is as good as you are and treat him well.  Obviously in the desert there are no aliens.

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