Dealing with your neighbor’s animals (Ex 22:4-22:15)

“When someone causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets livestock loose to graze in someone else’s field, restitution shall be made from the best in the owner’s field or vineyard.”

If someone lets animals graze on your vineyard or your field, they have to make restitution.

“When fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that the stacked grain, the standing grain, or the field is consumed, the one who started the fire shall make full restitution.”

If a fire starts and destroys someone else’s field or their grain, the person who started the fire should make full restitution.

“When someone delivers to a neighbor money or goods for safekeeping, and they are stolen from the neighbor’s house, then the thief if caught, shall pay double.  If the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall be brought before God, to determine whether or not the owner has laid hands on the neighbor’s goods.”

If a thief steals from someone who was taking care of money or goods, he has to pay double.  If you don’t get the thief, they should find out if the neighbor stole it.

“In any case of disputed ownership involving ox, donkey, sheep, clothing, or for any other loss, of which one party says, `This is mine,’ the case of both parties shall come before God.  The one whom God condemns shall pay double to the other.”

If the there is dispute between neighbors about who owns what, they shall go before God, and the loser shall pay double to the other.

“When someone delivers to another a donkey, ox, sheep or any other animal for safekeeping, and it dies, is injured, or is carried off, without anyone seeing it, an oath before Yahweh shall decide between the two of them that the one has not laid hands on the property of the other.  The owner shall accept the oath, and no restitution shall me made.  But if it was stolen, restitution shall be made to its owner.  If it was mangled by beasts, let it be brought as evidence.  Restitution shall not be made for the mangled remains.”

If someone else’s animal dies or is injured, without anyone seeing it, an oath before Yahweh shall decide between the two of them.  There is no restitution for mangled remains.

“When someone borrows an animal from another, and it is injured or dies, the owner not being present, full restitution shall be made.  If the owner was present, there shall be no restitution.  If it was hired, only the hiring fee is due.”

If you borrow an animal and it is injured or dies, full restitution is due if the owner was not present.  However, if the owner was present, there shall be no restitution.  If a hired hand was there, just the price of the hired hand is due.

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